|nitary authority in southern Scotland,
formed in 1996 from the regional council of the same name (1975-96).
Dumfries and Galloway Council
|owns and cities
||Annan, Dumfries (administrative headquarters), Kirkcudbright,
Stranraer, Castle Douglas, Newton Stewart
||6,421 sq. km / 2,479 sq. miles
||Area characterized by an indented coastline, including Luce Bay and Wigtown
Bay, backed by a low-lying coastal strip of varying width; intensively forested in the
Galloways. Much of the inland area is upland: east to west this includes Eskdalemuir (Hart
Fell 808 m / 2,651 ft), the Lowther Hills (Green Lowther 732 m / 2,402 ft) and the
Galloway Hills (the Merrick 843 m / 2,766 ft)
chemicals, food processing
Agriculture: beef and dairy cattle, sheep, forestry
Agriculture is the most important economic enterprise in the area, with poorer lands being
intensively forested and better quality lands being intensively cropped or grazed. Tourism
is also important, with many camping and caravan sites along the southern coast and, via
Stranraer, it is the shortest ferry route to Ireland.
||The Galloway Hills provided the setting of John Buchan's The Thirty-Nine
Steps. The region had a number of early innovators during the agricultural revolution, and
has associations with Robert the Bruce, the poet Robert Burns, and the writer Thomas
Carlyle. The playwright JM Barrie was educated at Dumfries academy and is understood to
have conceived Peter Pan at this time.
||Wanlockhead (the highest village in Scotland); the
oldest working post office in the world at Sanquhar; Glen Trool National Park; Ruthwell
Cross, Whithorn dig There are Neolithic tombs and a wide range of later prehistoric
sites at Burnswark; also at Burnswark and Birrens are Roman artefacts. Early Christian
monuments include those at Whithorn and Ruthwell.
There are many earthen mounds (mottes)
for timber castles which testify to the Norman penetration of Scotland. Caerlaverock
Castle is one of the foremost examples of medieval secular architecture in Scotland.
There are 93 Sites of Special Scientific Interest, five National Nature Reserves, four
Ramsars (wetland sites), three Special Protection Areas, three Biosphere Reserves, and
three National Scenic Areas.
Dumfries - Robert Burns is buried in the graveyard of St Michael's
church. The site of a Franciscan friary where Robert (I) the Bruce killed the Red Comyn is
now built on; a stone marks the site of the old castle of Dumfries which Robert captured
after Comyn's death. This death started the long war of independence. Greyfriars church
(1867) stands on the site of the old castle of the Maxwells. Two foot bridges and four
traffic bridges span the river. Devorgilla's Bridge (1426) is the oldest and is now
reserved for pedestrians.
- Situated at the head of Loch Ryan, Stranraer is the main route into Scotland from Larne
and Belfast in Ireland via ferries and the seacat. The town has a museum and the remains
of a 16th-century castle, known as the Castle of St John. It is also a gateway to the
Rhinns of Galloway to the west. To the south, Logan Botanic Garden is an important
attraction, and features a collection of plants including cabbage palms and tree ferns.
The extensive parklands at Castle Kennedy Gardens east of Stranraer are also worth