Durham has a fine Norman
cathedral and the remains of a castle built in 1072 by William I. The cathedral and castle
are together a World Heritage site. Other features include the university's Gulbenkian
Museum of Oriental Art and Archaeology (1960), the UK's only museum wholly devoted to the
subject, and the annual Miners' Gala. The university was founded in 1832. Durham Cathedral
and castle are situated on a 30 m / 98 ft-high sandstone hill which forms a peninsula
surrounded on three sides by the River Wear. The present cathedral was built between 1093
and 1133. The nave was begun in 1093 by Bishop William of St Carileph and finished in 1128
by Bishop Flambard. The interior of the cathedral is richly ornamented and has the
earliest English examples of pointed transverse arches, and ribbed vaulting on a grand
Beamish open-air industrial museum; site of one of Britain's richest coalfields
(pits no longer functioning); Bowes Museum; Barnard Castle; University of Durham, (1832)
housed in Durham Castle; dales in the west of the county
Between 1071 and 1836, Durham was a Palatinate county, that is the Bishop of Durham
exercised such jurisdiction over the territory as in other counties belonged to the
County Durham was made a county Palatinate in 1071 because of its strategic position on
the then main route to Scotland and its distance from the English government in London.
The bishops fortified an outcrop on a loop of the River Wear at Durham, and built an
imposing cathedral there. From here they repelled, generally successfully, a series of
Scottish incursions during the 12-14th centuries.
Fine medieval bridge, old houses and nearby French chateau-style Bowes Museum.
The Blaydon Races are immortalized in the words of the eponymous local folk song.
Synonymous with the first railway in the country and fascinating museum to match.
Still has bits of medieval town wall. In the docks is HMS Warrior, the world's earliest
iron-hulled battleship, and now a floating museum.
The word 'march' springs to mind but in the depths of this grimy town is a lovely
7th-century church where the Venerable Bede sought solace.
Stockton on Tees
Famous for its open-air market started in 1310 in the broadest high street in England.
Stockton-on-Tees was the starting point for the Stockton-Darlington railway, the world's
first passenger railway, which opened in 1825. The town has the oldest railway-station
building in the world, and there are many Georgian buildings.
Shares with its neighbour Jarrow a shipbuilding heritage, and it became a city in 1992.
Nearby Roker's St Andrew's Church (1906) is an Arts and Crafts design with William Morris
George Washington's ancestral home, Washington Old Hall, is open in summer.The Barbican is
an attractive small urban area and site of the original town as Drake knew it: and the Hoe
has outstanding coastal views.
Raby castle, Darlington.
Auckland Castle, Bishop Auckland.
Auckland Castle deer House, Bishop Auckland.
Rokeby Park, Co Durham
Egglestone Abbey, Durham