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NORTHAMPTONSHIREounty of central England.

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Local Links Northamptonshire County Council - Northampton Borough Council - Kettering Borough Council - Daventry District Council

owns and cities Northampton (administrative headquarters), Kettering, Corby, Daventry, Wellingborough
rea 2,370 sq. km / 915 sq. miles
opulation 594,800 (1994)
opography Northamptonshire is bounded on the north by Rutland and Leicestershire; on the east by Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, Bedfordshire, and Milton Keynes; on the south by Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire; and on the west by Warwickshire. The surface of the county is mainly level, with occasional low hills and woodland. The Grand Union Canal crosses the county. rivers Avon, Cherwell, Leam, Nene, Ouse, and Welland
ommerce Industries: engineering; food processing; printing; shoemaking; Northampton is the centre of the leather trade in England
Agriculture: cereals (wheat and barley); sugar beet; sheep rearing; cattle rearing, especially in the Nene and Welland valleys, where there is rich pasture
amous people Richard III, Robert Browne, John Dryden; the family of George Washington, first president of the USA, originated at Sulgrave Manor. Sir Thomas Tresham (funded the Gunpowder Plot) built the Triangular Lodge at Rushton Hall. William Knibb - promoted the abolition of slavery. Alfred East - Royal Academy artist.
ttractions Castle Ashby, built in 1574 by the first Earl of Northampton stands in grounds landscaped by Capability Brown.
Silverstone, where the famous race track plays host to the British Grand Prix every two years.
Fotheringhay, birthplace of King Richard III and where Mary, Queen of Scots was executed in 1587.

Althorp Park, Spencer family home and burial place of Diana, Princess of Wales; Canons Ashby, Tudor house, home of the Drydens for 400 years; churches with broached spires (an octagonal spire on a square tower) The Battle of Naseby, the decisive battle of the English Civil War in 1645, in which Oliver Cromwell defeated the Royalists, was fought at Naseby 32 km/20 miles south of Leicester. Northamptonshire has few monastic remains, but there are Norman churches. There are market crosses at Brigstock, Helpston, Higham Ferrers, and Irthlingborough, and at Hardingstone and Geddington are two of the crosses built by Edward I in memory of his wife, Queen Eleanor. The ruins of Fotheringhay Castle, where Mary Queen of Scots was executed, are also in the county. Mansions include Althorp Park, Burghley House, Rushton Hall, Rockingham Castle, Castle Ashby, Dingley Hall, Deene Park, and the ruined Kirby Hall. At Draughton there is evidence of occupation in the early Iron Age. Prehistoric and Roman remains have been found, and Watling Street and Ermine Street both cross the county.

Rothwell - hosts an annual Fair granted in a Royal Charter by King John in 1204. Corby - hosts a fair every 25 years called the Pole Fair - also hosts the largest Highland Games outside of Scotland every year.