|ounty of northern England.
Northumberland County Council
- Berwick Upon Tweed
|owns and cities
||Morpeth (administrative headquarters), Berwick-upon-Tweed, Hexham
||5,030 sq. km / 1,942 sq. miles
greater part of the county, comprising the districts of Berwick, Alnwick, and Tynedale, is
rural. The Cheviot Hills, along the Anglo-Scottish border, rise to 810 m / 2,657 ft;
further east there are uplands rising to a height of 250-450 m / 820-1,476 ft above
sea-level. They are composed of coarse sandstones which dip towards a low coastal plateau,
meeting the North Sea in low cliffs and shallow bays backed by sand dunes. There are
extensive forests in the west of Northumberland, and much of the upland is used by the
army. South of the River Coquet, coal is found underneath the coastal plateau in the
districts of Wansbeck, Blyth, and Castle Morpeth.Cheviot Hills; rivers Aln, Coquet, Rede,
Till, Tweed, upper Tyne; Northumberland National Park in the west
manufacturing of computer monitors (Cramlington); coal was formerly mined at several
Agriculture: sheep, cattle; fishing
||Thomas Bewick, Grace Darling, Jack and Bobby Charlton.
||Durham, one of the most
visually attractive cities in Britain. The cathedral dates back to 1093 and is set on a 70
foot high rock surrounded on three sides by the River Wear.
High Force, a spectacular Moorland waterfall.
Kielder and Redesdale Forests, part of the Border Forest Park, Britain's largest area of
Bamburgh Castle, a spectacular coastal defence.
Holy Island and Lindisfarne Castle, only accessible at low tide and where the local Monks
make and sell their honey based 'Lindisfarne Mead'.
Holy Island (Lindisfarne); the Farne island group 8
km / 5 miles east of Bamburgh, which is home to large seal and bird colonies; part of
Hadrian's Wall (a World Heritage site), including Housesteads Fort; Alnwick and Bamburgh
Bewick museum; Hexham Abbey; the walls of Berwick-upon-Tweed; large moorland areas used
for military manoeuvres; Longstone Lighthouse from which Grace Darling rowed to rescue the
crew of the Forfarshire; wild white cattle of Chillingham; Kielder Water (1982), the
largest artificial lake in northern Europe