Oxfordshire

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owns and cities Oxford (administrative headquarters), Abingdon, Banbury, Goring, Henley-on-Thames, Wallingford, Witney, Woodstock, Wantage, Chipping Norton, Thame
rea 2,610 sq. km / 1,007 sq. miles
opulation 590,200 (1994)
opography Oxfordshire is bounded to the south by Swindon, West Berkshire, Reading and Wokingham, to the east by Buckinghamshire, to the Northeast by Northamptonshire, to the Northwest by Warwickshire, and to the west by Gloucestershire. The county was considerably increased in size by transfers from Berkshire (as it then was) at the time of local government reorganisation in April 1974. River Thames and tributaries (the Cherwell, Evenlode, Ock, Thame, and Windrush); Cotswold Hills (in the north) and Chiltern Hills (in the southeast)
ommerce Agriculture: cereals, sheep, dairy farming
Industries: agricultural implements (at Banbury); aluminium (at Banbury) ; bricks; cars (Cowley); cement; iron ore (in the north); high technology industries; medical electronic equipment; paper; publishing; nuclear research (Harwell); biotechnology
amous people William Davenant, Flora Thompson, Winston Churchill, William Morris
ttractions

Focus On...
Henley on Thames

Radcliffe

Oxford is part of man's cultural heritage. Within one square mile there are 653 listed buildings.
The picturesque villages which line the peaceful stretch between Abingdon and Goring of the river Thames.

Dorchester AbbeyVale of the White Horse (with a chalk hill figure 114 m / 374 ft, below the hill camp known as Uffington Castle); Oxford University; Blenheim Palace (a World Heritage site), Woodstock (started in 1705 by Vanbrugh with help from Nicholas Hawksmoor, completed in 1722), with landscaped grounds by Capability Brown; early 14th-century Broughton Castle; Rousham Park (1635), remodelled by William Kent (1738-40), with landscaped garden; Ditchley Park, designed by James Gibbs in 1720; Europe's major fusion project JET (Joint European Torus) at the UK Atomic Energy Authority's fusion laboratories at Culham; the Manor House, Kelmscott (country house of William Morris, leader of the Arts and Crafts movement); Henley Regatta

Oxford was the chief stronghold of the Royalists during the Civil War (1642-46), and was the scene of many battles. There are several prehistoric remains in Oxfordshire, including the Rollright stones, and the Devil's Quoits. There are also several Roman villas, such as North Leigh. Few old monastic buildings or castles remain, the most important being the abbey church at Dorchester-on-Thames, and the castles at Shirburn and Broughton, near Banbury. There are remains of famous houses at Greys Court, Minster Lovell, and Rycote. Churches of note include those in Oxford itself, and those at Adderbury, Iffley, and Minster Lovell.