South Yorkshire

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Click to go Back to Inns in South YorkshireSouth Yorkshire Crestetropolitan county of Northeast England, in 1986, most of the functions of the former county council were transferred to the metropolitan borough councils. Yorkshire - The former county was divided administratively into North, East, and West Ridings, but reorganised to form a number of new counties in 1974: the major part of Cleveland and Humberside, North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, and West Yorkshire. Small outlying areas also went to Durham, Cumbria, Lancashire, and Greater Manchester. In 1996 Cleveland and Humberside were abolished, and a number of unitary authorities were created to replace them.

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Local Links Sheffield City Council - Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council - Doncaster Metropolitan Borough Council - Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council

owns and cities Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham, Sheffield (all administrative centres for the districts of the same name)
rea 1,560 sq. km / 602 sq. miles
opulation 1,298,000 (1995)
opography South Yorkshire Dry Stone WallBradfield MoorRiver Don; part of Peak District National Park The county contains a part of the Peak District National Park, and a rich diversity of rural landscapes formed between the barren Pennine moors in the Southwest and the very low, flat carr-lands (a mixture of marsh and copses) in the east.
ommerce Industries: metal-work, coal, engineering, iron, and steel. Agriculture: sheep; dairy and arable farming
amous people Ian Botham, Arthur Scargill


Strines ResevoirThe overall rate of increase in population in the South Yorkshire area in recent years has been below the national average due to outward migration. Over 90 % of the population reside in the urban areas, which are concentrated along the valley of the River Don, which runs from Southwest to Northeast, and along the valleys of the Don's main tributaries, the Dearne and the Rother.

From the 12th century, iron smelting was the chief industry, and by the 14th century, Sheffield cutlery, silverware, and plate were being made. During the Industrial Revolution the iron and steel industries developed rapidly. It now produces alloys and special steels, cutlery of all kinds, permanent magnets, drills, and precision tools. Other industries include electroplating, type-founding, and the manufacture of optical glass. It is an important conference centre which is well served by The Sheffield Supertram, a modern light rail system, opened in 1995.
Langsett ResevoirThe parish church of St Peter and St Paul (14th-15th centuries) is the cathedral of Sheffield bishopric established in 1914. Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned in Sheffield between 1570-84, part of the time in the Norman castle, which was captured by the Parliamentarians in 1644 and subsequently destroyed. There are two art galleries (Graves Art Gallery and Mappin Art Gallery); the Ruskin museum, opened in 1877 and revived in 1985; and the Cutlers' Hall. There are also three theatres (the Crucible built in 1971, for many years used as the venue of the World Snooker Championships); the Lyric, designed by W R Sprague in 1897; and the restored Lyceum, reopened in 1990) and two universities (the University of Sheffield and Sheffield Hallam University).
The city is a touring centre for the Peak District. The Meadowhall shopping centre in the old steel works area is one of the largest shopping centres in the UK.
The remains of Beauchief Abbey are within the city boundary.

Penistone HillsOn the River Dearne, 26 km / 16 miles north of Sheffield, Barnsley lies on one of Britain's richest coal fields, although the industry is in decline. Manufactured products include steel, glass, paper, carpets, cakes (Lyons), sports equipment (Dunlop-Slazenger), and clothing. Barnsley was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. The town received the right to hold a market in 1249, and open-air and covered markets are still held three times a week. The Classical-style town hall was built in 1933. Cannon Hall, built in about 1765, is now a country-house museum. The Cooper Art Gallery includes a collection of English drawings and 19th- and 20th-century watercolours.

On the River Don, 56 km / 35 miles Southwest of York Doncaster has been an important centre for railway engineering (locomotives and rolling stock) since the 19th century.
Traditional iron, steel, and coal production has declined, although active collieries remain, including the Rossington deep mine. Synthetic textiles, confectionery (butterscotch), agricultural equipment, wallpaper, electrical equipment, fencing, brass fittings, nylon yarn, and wire rope are produced.
The St Leger (1776), the world's oldest classic race, is held annually at Doncaster racecourse in September, and the Lincolnshire Handicap is held in March. The Mansion House (built 1744-1748) contains a fine banqueting hall and is one of only three civic mansion houses in England (the others being in London and York). The town's museum and art gallery includes a local history collection, including Roman artefacts, horse-racing exhibits, and a collection of Yorkshire pottery. Nearby is Cusworth Hall, built in the mid-18th century, which houses a museum of social and industrial history. At Conisbrough to the Southwest of the town, there is a ruined Norman castle with a well-preserved circular keep. The castle features in Walter Scott's novel Ivanhoe as Athelstan's stronghold.